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A verb is a word used to tell or assert something about some person or thing.

There are three popular kinds of verbs: Auxiliary verb, ordinary verb and verb of incomplete Predication.

1.      What a person or thing does: as  savita swims. the bulb lights.

2.      What is done to a person or thing; as mohan is punished.

3.      What a person or thing is; as  the dog is dead.

Some importance rules of verbs.

Rule 1: If two or more singular subject nouns are joined by and, the verb used will be plural.

                      He and I were going to the market.

                      Ram and Mohan are friends.

Rule 2: If two singular nouns joined by and point out to the same thing or person, the verb used is singular.

                    Rice and curry is the favorite food of the Punjabis.

                    The collector and district magistrate is away.

Note: - If the article the is used with both nouns, the reference will be to two persons or things and the verb used in such a case must be plural.

For example: 
                  The philosopher and the teacher are dead.

 Rule: - 3. In case two subjects are joined by as well as, the verb agree with the first subject.


                           Kanta as well as her children is playing.

                          The children as well as their mother are playing.

Rule: - 4. Neither, either, every, each, everyone and many a are followed by a singular verb.

For example:-

                               Either of the plans is to be adopted.

                               Neither of the two brothers is sure to pass.

                               Every student is expected to be obedient.

                               Each of them is capacitated to do the work.

                               Everyone of them desires this.

                               Many a person was drowned in the sea.

Rule: - 5. If two subjects are joined by either……or, neither…has .nor, the verb agreed with the subject near to it.

For example:-

                               Either my brother or I am to do this work.

                               Neither her nor they are prepared to do this work.

Rule: - 6. A noun singular in form and collective in sense take a singular verb.

For example:-

                               The committee is unanimous in its opinion.

                               The council has chosen its president.

                               Parliament has elected its speaker.

Not: - Normally, when there is oneness in action, the verb is singular, but when there is diversity and every member of the collective noun has to be mentioned, the verb used is plural.


                                 The jury was divided in their opinion.

                                 The committees are divided on one minor point.

                                 The crews were taken prisoners.

Rule: - 7. A great many is always followed by a plural noun and plural verb.

  For example:-

                                           A great many students have been declared successful.

                                           A great many man have come.

Rule: - 8. Similarly, if two subjects are joined by with, together with no less than, in addition to, and no, etc, the verb agrees with the first subject.


                                    The boy with his parents has arrived.

                                    The officer together with his subordinates was present in the function.

                                    He no less than I is to blame.

                                    Hard labor in addition to intelligence is needed for success in life.


Rule: -9. Noun, plural in form but singular in meaning, take a singular verb.


                            This news was broadcast from all India radio yesterday.


Rule: - 10. When two subjects are joined by not only…….. But also; the verb must agree with the second subject.


                         Not only India but also Pakistan is poor.

                         Not only the principal but also the students were plural.

    III.                  Not only the children but also their mother was playing.

Rule: - 11. When two subjects are joined by or, the verb just agrees with the second subject.


                             Krishna or her sisters were there.

                             Mother or sohan is responsible for all this.

Rule: - 12. When two subjects of different numbers and persons or both are joined together by and, the verb used must be plural.


                              Sachin and his parents have gone to Kolkata.

                              He and I are friends.

Rule: - 13. When a plural noun denotes some particular quantity or amount considered as a whole, it takes a singular verb.


                                 Five hundred rupees is a big amount.

                                 Hundred miles is a long distance.

Rule: -14. Some nouns, which are singular in form but are plural in number, take a plural verb.


                                People were shouting.

                                Cattle are grazing.


Rule: - 15. The title of book, names of countries of subjects which look like plural, but actually are in singular number, are followed by singular verbs.


                             Mathematics is difficult subject.

                            The United States of America is the richest country of the world.

                            The Arabian Nights is an interesting book.

                            The Musketeers is a famous book.

Rule: - 16. When the subject is a relative pronoun, the verb agrees in number and person in number and person with the noun or pronoun to whi8ch the relative pronoun refers.

Example:-           Rajindra, who is my friend, has a thirst for knowledge.

                          I who am at your service, should not be ignored


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