India's first mission to Mars, the Mars Orbiter Mission launches the Mangalyaan orbiter toward the Red Planet atop a polar Satellite Launch vehicle on Nov. 5, 2013 from the Indian Space Research organisation's satish Dhawan Space Centre In sriharikota, beginning the country's first interplanetry Mission to explore the solar system.
The MOM was to have been launched as early as 28 October, But rough weatehr in Pacific forced official to Postpone Lift-off.
India is not the only country launched a mission to Mars in November 2013. US Space agency, NASA also launched its Mars orbiter, called the Mars Atmosphere and volatile Evolution N (Maven), on November 18, Maven is designed to study the martian atmosphere in unprecedented detail the &671 million mission was launched from cape canaveral Florida.
Less than an hour after liftoff, Mangalyaan successfully entered a staging orbit around Earth. the 2,980-pound probe will take a 300-day cruise to Mars and then circle the planet , testing equipment and practicing space maneuvers. Scientific objectives are secondary. if all goes well , it will arrive at the Red Planet on Sept. 24, 2014, making India the fourth country (or collaboration of countries) to reach the Red Planet after teh former soviet Union, the United States and Europe.
Once at Mars, the probe will explore the surface freatures of the Red Planet and probe its atmosphere for signs of non-biological or microbe-emitted methane. the spacecrafte is also designed to test technology used for navigation, communication and interplanetary space travel.
Some have questioned the $72 million price tag for a country of 1.2 billion people still dealing with widespread hunger and poverty. But the government defended the Mars mission, and its $1 billion space program in general, by noting its importance in providing high-tech jobs for scientist and engineers and engineers and practical applications in solving problems on Earth.
Decades of space research have allowed India to develop satellite, communications and remote sensing technologies that are helping to solve everyday Problems at home, from forecasting where fish can be caught by fishermen to predicting storms and floods.
The Orbiter will gather Image and data that will help in determining how Martian weather systems work and what happened to the large quantities of water that are believed to have once existed on Mars. it also will search Mars for methane, a key chemical in life processes that could also come from geological processes. Experts say that date will improve understanding about how planet form, what conditions might make life possible and where else in the universe it might exist.
The orbiter is expected to have at least six months to investigate the planet's landscape and atmosphere. At its closest point, it will be 365 kilometers (227 miles) from the planet's surface, and its furthest point will be 80,000 kilometer (49,700 miles) away,
some important fact of India's mars mission
- This is the first time the national space agency is aspiring to send a mission to study a celestial body outside Earth's sphere of influence.
- The rocket -- Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C25 (PSLV-C25) --standing around 44 meters tall and weighing around 320 tonnes hurtled towards the heavens with orange flames fiercely burning at its tail.
- The orbiter will have to travel over 300 days and will be expected to reach an orbit around Mars on Sept, 24. 2014.
- The main objective of the Mars mission are to determine hoe Martian weather systems work and to search for methane, an indicator of life processes on the planet.
- The 1,337 kg Mars Orbiter with 852 kg fuel and 15 kg of scientific instruments is expected to reach Mars' orbit on September 14, 2014.